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按图索骥的故事5篇


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篇一:按图索骥的故事_500字

【拼音】àn tú suǒ jì

【成语故事】春秋时期相马专家孙阳(伯乐)根据自己的相马经验写了《相马经》,他的儿子很想把相马的绝技学到手,熟读《相马经》,根据经书上的标准选出的“千里马”——一只癞蛤蟆回家向其父报喜,伯乐看后哭笑不得。

【典故】今不循伯者之道,乃欲以三代选举之法取当时之士,犹察伯乐之图求骐骥于市,而不可得,变已明矣。《汉书·梅福传》

【释义】索:找;骥:良马。按照画像去寻求好马。比喻墨守成规办事;也比喻按照线索去寻求。

【用法】作谓语、定语、状语;比喻按照线索去寻求

【相近词】照本宣科、生搬硬套

【反义词】不落窠臼

【歇后语】伯乐儿子找马

【英文】lookforanoblesteedwiththeaidofitspicture<lookforsomethingaccordingtoinformationatone'sdisposal>

【成语举例】每见一班按图索骥者,多失于骊黄牝牡。明·赵汸《葬书问对》

【其它使用】

◎ 柱状地质剖面图及附表是阅读地质图的重要指南,可以按图索骥,在图幅上查出调查地区的地层出露状况和岩石性质。

◎ 也许有学者提出相反的问题,他们可能争辩说,法治的核心是依法办事,即政府、政党以及公民等都应按已经公布的法律而作出行为,法治之下的主体行为是一种机械的、按图索骥式的方式。

篇二:按图索骥的故事_3400字

春秋时候,秦国有个叫孙阳的人,擅长相马,无论什么样的马,他一眼就能分出优劣。他常常被人请去识马、选马,人们都称他为伯乐(“伯乐”本是天上的星名,据说负责管理天马)。

有一次,孙阳路过一个地方,忽见一匹拖着盐车的老马冲他叫个不停,走近一看,原来是匹千里马,只是年龄稍大了点。老马拉着车艰难地走着,孙阳觉得太委屈了这匹千里马,它本是可以奔跑于疆场,可以发挥更大作用的宝马良驹,现在却默默无闻地拖着盐车,慢慢地消耗着它的锐气和体力,实在可惜!孙阳想到这里,难过得落下泪来。

为了让更多的人学会相马,使千里马不再被埋没,也为了自己一身绝技不至于失传,孙阳把自己多年积累的相马经验和知识写成了一本书,配上各种马的形态图,书名叫《相马经》。

孙阳有个儿子,看了父亲写的《相马经》,以为相马很容易,就拿着这本书到处找好马。他按照书上所绘的图形去找,一无所获。又按书中所写的特征去找,最后发现有一只癞蛤蟆很像书中写的千里马的特征,便高兴地把癞蛤蟆带回家,对父亲说:“爸爸,我找到一匹千里马,只是蹄子稍差些。”父亲一看,哭笑不得,没想到儿子竟如此愚笨,便幽默地说:“可惜这马太喜欢跳了,不能用来拉车。”接着感叹道:“所谓按图索骥也。”

故事出自明朝杨慎的《艺林伐山》。成语“按图索骥”,比喻机械地照老办法办事,不知变通;也比喻按照某种线索去寻找事物。

 

 

looking for a steed with the aid of its picture

during the spring and autumn period, there was a man in the state of qin whose name was sun yang. sun yang was very expert in looking at horses and judging their worth. whatever the horse might be, he could tell whether it was good or bad at first sight. people called him bo le (bo le was the name of one of the celestial bodies and was fabled to be in charge of heavenly steeds), and he was often asked to appraise and select horses.

one day, when sun yang was passing a place, an old horse pulling acart loaded with salt suddenly neighed to him without stopping. he came near, and saw that it was a horse that really could cover a thousand li a day, and that the only problem with it was that it was a little too old. the old horse was pulling the heavy cart with difficulties and hardships. sun yang felt acutely that the horse was really unjustly treated, for it might have been a fine steed galloping on the battlefield. it was a great pity that it was pulling the cart loaded with salt without attracting public attention, which had taken the edge off its spirit and consumed its energy. when he thought of this, he was so grieved that he shed tears.

in order to help more people learn how to appraise horses so that fine horses which could cover a thousand li a day would no longer fall into oblivion, and also in order to ensure that his unique skill in judging horses would not be lost, sun yang worte a book entitled the art of looking at horses and judging their worth, based on his experiences and knowledge accumulated over the years. the book was also illustrated with the pictures of various horses.

sun yang had a son who, after reading his father's the art of looking at horses and judging their worth, thought it was very esay to appraise horses. so he took the book with him to look for fine horses everywhere. at first he searched according to the pictures in the book, and accomplished nothing. then he searched according to the characteristics of a toad fit very well the characteristics described in the book. so he happily took the toad back home, and said to his father, "father, i have found a horse that can cover a thousand li a day, only its hoofs are not good enough." looking at the toad, sun yang did not know whether he should laugh or cry. knowing that his son was stupid, sun yang said humourously. "it's a pity that this horse is too fond of jumping to pull a cart." then he sighed, "that is just what we call looking for a steed with the aid of its picture."

later, people have used the set phrase "look for a steed with the aid of its picture" to refer to handling affairs mechanically in the outmoded ways without being flexible. somethimes it is also used to refer to trying to locate something by following up a clue. this set phrase originates in lumbering in the forest of art written by yang shen in the ming dynasty (1368-1644).

篇三:按图索骥的主人公是谁?按图索骥的故事_600字

按图索骥的主人公是谁?

按图索骥的主人公是孙阳

<按图索骥:比喻办事机械死板;也比喻按照线索去寻求。

孙阳的简介:

伯乐本名孙阳,一说他乃赵简子御者,善相马,字子良,又称王良。他是春秋时代的人。由于他对马的研究非常出色,人们便忘记了他本来的名字,干脆称他为伯乐。

按图索骥的典故:

春秋时,秦国有个名叫孙阳的人,善于鉴别马的好坏,只要让他看一眼,便能分辨出马的优劣。因为传说伯乐是负责管理天上马匹的神,于是人们都把他称为“伯乐”。为了不让自己的一身绝学失传,他把自己多年积累的识马经验写成一本书,名为《相马经》,书中图文并茂地介绍了各类好马。

孙阳的儿子资质很差,却想继承父亲的事业。在熟读了这本书后,他以为自己学到了父亲的所有本领,便拿着《相马经》去找千里马。《相马经》上说:“千里马的主要特征是:高脑门,大眼睛,蹄子像摞起来的酒曲块。”他按照这个特征找了很久,也没有什么收获。

有一天,他发现路边有一只蹦蹦跳跳的动物,他看了很久,觉得这个东西很像《相马经》中所说的千里马,于是费了九牛二虎之力,才把这个“千里马”捉住,并带回家。一进门,他便嚷着说:“我找到了一匹千里马,它长得和《相马经》中说得差不多,就是个头小了点,蹄子差了些。”孙阳一看儿子手里捉着的居然是一只癞蛤蟆,真是哭笑不得,只好回答说:“傻儿子,你拿的是一只癞蛤蟆,根本不是什么千里马啊!你这样按图索骥是不行的,要学相马的本领,就得多去看马、养马,深入地了解马才行啊!”儿子听了羞愧不已,从此便一头钻到马群中去研究马。

按图索骥的启示:

纸上谈兵是没有用的,也证明了“实践是检验真理的唯一标准”这句话的正确。

篇四:成语故事:按图索骥_500字

春秋时候,秦国有个叫孙阳的人,擅长相马,无论什么样的马,他一眼就能分出优劣。他常常被人请去识马、选马,人们都称他为伯乐(本是天上的星名,据说负责管理天马)。

有一次,孙阳路过一个地方,忽见一匹拖着盐车的老马冲他叫个不停,走近一看,原来是匹千里马,只是年龄稍大了点。老马拉着车艰难地走着,孙阳觉得太委屈了这匹千里马,它本是可以奔跑于疆场,可以发挥更大作用的宝马良驹,现在却默默无闻地拖着盐车,慢慢地消耗着它的锐气和体力,实在可惜!孙阳想到这里,难过得落下泪来。

为了让更多的人学会相马,使千里马不再被埋没,也为了自己一身绝技不至于失传,孙阳把自己多年积累的相马经验和知识写成了一本书,配上各种马的形态图,书名叫《相马经》。

孙阳有个儿子,看了父亲写的《相马经》,以为相马很容易,就拿着这本书到处找好马。他按照书上所绘的图形去找,一无所获。又按书中所写的特征去找,最后发现有一只癞蛤蟆很像书中写的千里马的特征,便高兴地把癞蛤蟆带回家,对父亲说:爸爸,我找到一匹千里马,只是蹄子稍差些。父亲一看,哭笑不得,没想到儿子竟如此愚笨,便幽默地说:可惜这马太喜欢跳了,不能用来拉车。接着感叹道:所谓按图索骥也。

【出处】故事出自明朝杨慎的《艺林伐山》。

【释读】成语按图索骥,比喻机械地照老办法办事,不知变通;也比喻按照某种线索去寻找事物

篇五:成语故事_按图索骥_400字【释义】索:寻找;骥:好马。按图像寻求好马,比喻做事拘泥于成法,不能灵活变通。现 在也用于按照线索去寻找人或事物。 【出处】春秋·孙阳《相马经》 。 孙阳,春秋时秦国人,相传是我国古代最著名的相马专家,他一眼就能看出一匹马的好坏。 因为传说伯乐是负责管理天上马匹的神,因此人们都把孙阳叫做伯乐。 据说,伯乐把自己丰富的相马经验编写成一本《相马经》 。在书上,他写了各种各样的千里马 的特征,对它们作了详细的描述,并画了不少插图,供人们作相马的参考。 伯乐有个儿子,智力很差,他看了父亲的《相马经》 ,也很想出去寻找千里马。他看到《相马 经》上说:“千里马的主要特征是:高脑门,大眼睛,蹄子像摞起来的酒曲块。”于是他拿 着书,往外走去,想试试自己的眼力。 走了不远,他看到一只大癞蛤蟆,忙捉回去告诉他父亲说:“我找到了一匹好马,和你那本 《相马经》上说的差不多,只是蹄子不像摞起来的酒曲块”。 伯乐看到儿子手中的癞蛤蟆, 好气又好笑地逗他说: “放了它吧, 你的马只能跳, 不能骑! ”

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